Genus; species: Matricaria recutita
CAM Type: biologically based
Common Names: Hungarian Chamomile, Scented Mayweed, Wild Chamomile
Introduction to German Chamomile:
German Chamomile is an annual plant in the sunflower family Asteraceae that is found all over Europe and temperate areas in Asia. It is widely introduced in temperate North America and Australia.
The seeds of German Chamomile need open soil to survive, and as such, it is often found growing near roads, around landfills, and as weeds in cultivated fields, with the strong, aromatic flowers (often described as apple-scented) blooming in June and July.
Occasional anxiety, overactive behavior, sleep difficulties/restlessness, tension, nervous agitation, gastrointestinal difficulties/sore stomach/Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Pharmacology and Phytochemicals:
Scientists have identified several Flavonoids, the bio-active components contained in the oils of the flower, which are believed to have a sedative effect in the Central Nervous System. These include Apigenin, Chrysoplenin, and Jaceidin.
Mechanisms of Action:
Apigenin has been demonstrated to act in a similar fashion to a sedative in clinical studies, which could explain its noted anti-anxiety benefits. The precise mechanism of action is not completely understood, however, it is thought that the combination of Flavonoids in German Chamomile Flowers contribute to its effectiveness as an anxiolytic that promotes relaxation, soothes tension and relieves anxiety and panic brought on by emotional stress.
Chamomile may be taken in amounts ranging from 25mg to 2000mg per day.
Safety, Side Effects and Warnings:
Chamomile is a mild and safe herb often served as tea or taken as an herbal/dietary supplement. The FDA regards Chamomile as generally recognized as safe (GRAS), and has an excellent safety profile.